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Krasnoyarsk

Krasnoyarsk is situated in a deep valley of the Yenisey River at the corner of the East Sayan mountains, the Yenisei Ridge, and West Siberian Plain on doth river banks 3-4 km off water. The city is 18-20 km long on the left bank and 25 km long on the right one. The city covers the area of 348 sq. km. Krasnoyarsk is divided into seven districts: Zheleznodorozhny, Kirovsky, Leninsky, Oktyabrsky, Sverdlovsky, Sovetsky, and Tsentralny. The population is about 1 million. The distance from the city to Moscow is 3,995 km. It takes four and a half hours by plane from the capital. The Krasnoyarsk time zone is plus four hours to the Moscow time. The mayor of the city is Petr Pimashkov (started his third term in office in 2004).

The city is situated in a continental climatic zone with long, cold winters and short, hot summers. The lowest temperature in January is 55 C below zero, while the highest is 40 C above zero. 

Krasnoyarsk has been included into the list of places of history in the Russian Federaion. This decision was based on the excellent preservation of the old center of a city and its buildings of 19th and 20th centuries, archeological monuments of the Stone Age. In general, the city counts about 300 monuments.

Architecture appearence of modern Krasnoyarsk started to form since the 30s (19th century) after the general plan of city's developing had been approved by 1828. According to the olan, a city with rational and simple planning was going to be built on the shore of the Yenisei. The circumstances were such, that the city in fact was rebuilt (on the site of the 1772 fire 30 buildings of 400 left).

The streets of Krasnoyarsk were made straight and oriented. The main streets are parallel to the Yenisei. In the beginning of the 20th century, the appearence of Kran\snoyarsk was improved with new buildings that reflected the influence of modern art, classicism and other tendencies. First of all it was connected with architects Sokolovsky and Chernishev

In the second half of 20th century the opening of Rechnoy Train Station in 1952 was very important, for its one of the most beautiful buildings of the city, awarded with the silver medal at the International Exhibition in Brussels (architect Golubev); the end of Kommunalny Bridge (a bridge over the Yenisei) construction in 1961.

In the end of the 20th and beginning of 21st centuries the architecture of Krasnoyarsk was widened with the building of new micro-districts - Severny, Pashenny, Vjetluxhanka, Vzletka. The build-up of Vzletka goes most intensively for it is the future  business center of Krasnoyarsk.

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